Mazda 6 manuals

Mazda 6 Service Manual: Engine control system operation inspection

Mazda 6 Service Manual / Fuel and emission control systems / Troubleshooting / Engine control system operation inspection

Main Relay Operation Inspection

Verify that the main relay clicks when the ignition switch is turned to ON position and off.

- Main relay (See RELAY INSPECTION.)

- Harness and connector between ignition switch and main relay terminal A.

- Harness and connector between PCM terminal 2X and main relay terminal E.

Intake Manifold Vacuum Inspection

1. Verify air intake hoses are installed properly.

2. Start the engine and run it at idle.

3. Disconnect the vacuum hose between the intake manifold and purge solenoid valve from the intake manifold side.

4. Connect a vacuum gauge to the intake manifold and measure the intake manifold vacuum.

Specification
More than 60 kPa {450 mmHg, 18 inHg}

Note

- Air suction at throttle body, intake manifold and PCV valve installation points

- Accelerator cable free play

- Fuel injector insulator

- Engine compression (See COMPRESSION INSPECTION.)

Idle Air Control System Inspection

Engine coolant temperature compensation inspection

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

2. Select the following PIDs.

3. Verify that the engine is in cold condition, then start the engine.

4. Verify that the engine speed decreases as the engine warms up.

- ECT sensor and related harness (See ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE (ECT) SENSOR INSPECTION.)

- IAC valve and related harness (See IDLE AIR CONTROL (IAC) VALVE INSPECTION.)

Load compensation inspection

1. Start the engine and run is at idle.

2. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

3. Verify that P0506, P0507 or P0511 not displayed.

4. Change the duty value of the IAC valve to 100%

using the IAC PID.

5. Verify that the idle speed increases.

- IAC valve air passage

- Open or short circuit between IAC valve connector terminals and PCM connector terminals 4G and 4J

6. Select the following PIDs.

Note

7. Verify that the engine speed is within the specification under each load condition.

- A/C switch and related harness (See CLIMATE CONTROL UNIT INSPECTION.)

- Fan switch and related harness (See CLIMATE CONTROL UNIT INSPECTION.)

- PSP switch and related harness (See POWER STEERING PRESSURE (PSP) SWITCH INSPECTION.)

Engine speed



*1 :Neutral or P position

*2 :A/C switch and fan switch are on.

*3 :Refrigerant pressure switch (middle pressure) is off.

*4 :Refrigerant pressure switch (middle pressure) is on.

VIS Operation Inspection

1. Start the engine.

2. Inspect the rod operation under the following condition.

Rod operation


(1) Stop the engine.

(2) Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

(3)Verify that DTC P0661 or P0662 is not displayed.

(4) Turn ignition switch to ON.

(5) Turn the VIS control solenoid valve from on to off using the IVC PID and verify that operation sound of the solenoid valve is heard.

- Vacuum hose and vacuum chamber for looseness or damage

- Shutter valve actuator (See VARIABLE INTAKE-AIR SYSTEM (VIS) SHUTTER VALVE ACTUATOR INSPECTION (L3).)

- Shutter valve stuck open or close

- VIS control solenoid valve (See VARIABLE INTAKE-AIR SYSTEM (VIS) CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE INSPECTION (L3).)

Variable Tumble Control System (VTCS) Operation Inspection

1. Connect the WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

2. Access ECT PID.

3. Verify that ECT PID is between 63°C {145°F} and 67°C {152°F}.

4. Start the engine.

5. Inspect rod operation under the following condition.

Rod operation


(1) Verify that DTC No. P2009 or P2010 is not displayed.

  • If DTC No. P2009 or P2010 are shown, carry out DTC inspection. (See DTC TABLE.)

(2) Turn ignition switch to ON.

(3) Turn the VTCS solenoid valve from on to off using the IMRC PID and verify that operation sound of the solenoid valve is heard.

  • If the operation sound is heard, inspect the following.

- Vacuum hose and vacuum chamber for looseness or damage

- Shutter valve actuator (See VARIABLE TUMBLE CONTROL SYSTEM (VTCS) SHUTTER VALVE ACTUATOR INSPECTION.)

- Shutter valve stuck open or close

  • If the operation sound is not heard, inspect the following.

- VIS control solenoid valve (See VARIABLE TUMBLE CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE INSPECTION.)

Fuel Injector Operation Inspection


Fuel Cut Control System Inspection

1. Warm up engine and let it idle.

2. Turn off the electrical loads and A/C switch.

3. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

4. Select RPM and FUELPW1 PIDs.

5. Monitor both PIDs while performing the following steps.

(1) Depress the accelerator pedal and increase the engine speed to 4,000 rpm.

(2) Release the accelerator pedal (brake pedal is not depressed) and verify that the fuel injector duration time is 0 msec

., and 2-5 msec.

when the engine speed drops below 1,200 rpm.

  • If not as specified, inspect the following.

- ECT sensor and related harness (See ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE (ECT) SENSOR INSPECTION.)

- Neutral/clutch switch and related harness (MTX) (See CLUTCH SWITCH INSPECTION.)

- TR switch and related harness (ATX) (See TRANSAXLE RANGE (TR) SWITCH INSPECTION.)

Fuel Pump Operation Inspection

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

2. Remove the fuel-filler cap.

3. Turn the ignition switch to ON position.

4. Turn the fuel pump relay from off to on using the FP PID and inspect if the operation sound is heard.

5. Measure the voltage at harness side fuel pump connector terminal B.

Specification
B+ (Ignition switch is on)

- Fuel pump continuity

- Fuel pump GND

- Wiring harness between fuel pump relay and PCM terminal 4P (without immobilizer system), 4Q (with immobilizer system)

- Fuel pump relay (See RELAY INSPECTION.)

- Wiring harness and connector (Main relay-fuel pump relay-fuel pump)

Fuel Pump Control System Inspection

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

2. Turn the ignition switch to ON position.

3. Select FP PID.

4. Turn the fuel pump relay from off to on and inspect if the operation sound of the fuel pump relay is heard.

- Wiring harnesses and connectors (Main relay-fuel pump relay-PCM)

Spark Test

1. Remove the fuel pump relay.

2. Verify that each high-tension lead and connector is connected properly.

3. Inspect the ignition system in the following procedure.

Warning



EGR Control System Inspection

1. Verify that EGR valve operation (initial operation) sound is heard when the ignition switch is turned to ON position.

2. Start the engine and run it at idle.

3. Increase the step value of EGR valve from 0 to 40 using SEGRP PID.

4. Operate the EGR valve and inspect if the engine speed becomes unstable or the engine stalls.

(1) Stop the engine.

(2) Remove the EGR valve.

(3) Connect the EGR valve connector.

(4) Turn the ignition switch to ON.

(5) Increase the step value of EGR valve from 0 to 40 using SEGRP PID.

(6) Inspect the EGR operation.

5. Warm up the engine to normal operating temperature.

6. Select the following PIDs.

7. Let the vehicle idle and verify that the SEGRP value is 0.

8. Put the vehicle in drive.

9. Depress the accelerator pedal and verify that the SEGRP value is increased.

10. Stop the vehicle and verify that the SEGRP value is returned 0.

Purge Control System Inspection

1. Start the engine.

2. Disconnect the vacuum hose between the purge solenoid valve and the charcoal canister.

3. Put a finger to the purge solenoid valve and verify that there is no vacuum applied when the engine is cold.

- Wiring harness and connectors (Purge solenoid valve-PCM terminal 4U)

- Purge solenoid valve

4. Warm up the engine to the normal operating temperature.

5. Stop the engine.

6. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2 and verify that the DTC P0443 is shown. Carry out DTC inspection. (See DTC TABLE.)

7. Turn the ignition switch to ON position.

8. Select ECT PID.

9. Verify that the engine coolant temperature is above 60°C {140°F}.

10. Select EVAPCP PID.

11. Increase the duty value of the purge solenoid valve to 50%

and inspect if the operation sound of the valve is heard.

A/C Cut-off Control System Inspection

1. Start the engine.

2. Turn the A/C switch and fan switch on.

3. Verify that the A/C compressor magnetic clutch actuates.

4. Fully open the throttle valve and verify that the A/C compressor magnetic clutch does not actuate for 2-5 seconds.

(1) Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

(2) Turn the A/C switch off.

(3) Turn the ignition switch to ON position.

(4) Select ACCS PID.

(5) Turn the A/C relay from off to on and inspect if the operation sound of the relay is heard.

  • If the operation sound is heard, inspect TP PID.
  • If the operation sound is not heard, inspect following.

- A/C relay

- Open or short to GND circuit in wiring harness and connectors (Ignition switch-A/C relay-PCM terminal 4O)

- A/C related parts

Cooling Fan Control System Inspection


L8, LF (General area) engine model

Cooling fan system operation

Cooling fan relay No.1

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to DLC-2.

2. Verify that ECT PID is below cooling fan operating temperature.

3. Verify that A/C switch and fan switch are off.

4. Turn the ignition switch to ON position.

5. Verify that the cooling fan is not operating.

(1) Select FAN3 PID.

(2) Send OFF and verify the cooling fan is off.

  • If the cooling fan is on, inspect the following.

- Cooling fan relay stuck in closed position

- Short to GND circuit between cooling fan relay and PCM terminal 4L

- Short to power in circuit at cooling fan relay

- DTC for ECT sensor (P0117, P0118)

  • If the cooling fan is off, inspect the following.

- Short to GND circuit between refrigerant pressure switch and PCM terminal 1AC

- DTC for ECT sensor (P0117, P0118)

6. Start the engine.

7. Verify that the cooling fan is operating when engine is hot.

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to the DLC-2.

2. Select FAN3 PID.

3. Operate cooling fan by sending ON command.

4. Inspect if the operation sound is heard from the cooling fan relay.

  • If the operation sound is heard, inspect the wiring harness, connectors and cooling fan motor.
  • If the operation sound is not heard, inspect cooling fan relay and open circuit wiring harness and connectors.

8. Turn the A/C switch and fan switch on.

9. Verify that cooling fan is operating.

Cooling fan relay No.2

1. Verify that A/C switch and fan switch are off.

2. Start the engine and let it idle.

3. Verify that the cooling fan No.2 is not operating.

- Cooling fan relay No.2 is stuck in closed position.

- Short to power in circuit between condenser fan relay and condenser fan

- Short to GND in circuit between refrigerant pressure switch and PCM terminal 1AC

- Short to GND circuit between condenser fan relay and PCM terminal 4B

4. Turn the A/C switch and fan switch on.

5. Verify that the cooling fan No.2 is operating and operation sound of A/C compressor magnetic clutch is heard.

6. Turn the A/C switch and fan switch off.

- Open circuit between ignition switch and cooling fan relay No.2

- Open circuit between battery and cooling fan relay No.2

- Open circuit between cooling fan relay No.2 and PCM terminal 4B

- Open circuit between cooling fan relay No.2 and cooling fan motor No.2 or fan motor GND

- Cooling fan relay No.2 is stuck open.

- Cooling fan motor No.2

- TP PID

- A/C system

L3 engine models

Cooling fan system operation (at idle)


1. Connect WDS or equivalent to DLC-2.

2. Verify that ECT PID is below cooling fan operating temperature.

3. Verify that the A/C switch and fan switch are off.

4. Start the engine and let it at idle.

5. Verify that the cooling fan and condenser fan are not operating.

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4L and cooling fan relay No.2

- Cooling fan relay No.2 stuck in closed position

- DTC for ECT sensor (P0117, P0118)

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4F and transfer relay

- Transfer relay stuck ON position

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4B and cooling fan relay No.3

- Condenser fan relay stuck ON

6. Start the engine.

7. Verify that the cooling fan and condenser fan are operating low speed when ECT PID is above 100°C {212°F}.

  • If the cooling fans does not operate, perform the following:

1. Select FAN3 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay No.2 by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.2.

- If the operation sound is heard, inspect wiring harnesses, connectors, transfer relay and cooling and condenser fan motor.

- If the operation sound is not heard, inspect cooling fan relay No.2 and open circuit between PCM terminal 4L and cooling fan relay No.2 wiring harness and connectors.

  • Inspect the cooling fan is operating high speed, inspect the following:

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.4/cooling fan relay No.1.

- Cooling fan relay stuck closed position

  • If the condenser fan is operating high speed, inspect the following:

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.4/cooling fan relay No.1

- cooling fan relay No.1 stuck ON position

8. Turn A/C switch and fan switch are on.

9. Verify that the ACCS PID is ON.

- A/C switch

- Fan switch

- Refrigerant pressure switch

- Open circuit PCM 1AC related harnesses and connectors

10.Access the COLP PID.

11. Verify that the cooling fan is operating high speed an condenser fan is operating low speed, while the COLP PID is ON.

1. Select FAN1 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay No.4 and transfer relay by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.4 and cooling fan relay No.1.

- If the operation sound is not heard from cooling fan relay No.4, inspect cooling fan relay No.4 and open circuit between PCM 4F and cooling fan relay No.4 wiring harnesses and connectors.

- If the operation sound is not heard from cooling fan relay No.1, inspect cooling fan relay No.1 and between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.1 wiring harnesses and connector.

- If the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.4 and cooling fan relay No.1, inspect wiring harnesses and connectors.

- Cooling fan motor No.2 and related wiring harnesses and connectors

12. Verify that the cooling fan motor No.1 is operating low speed and the cooling fan motor No.1 is operating high speed, while the COLP PID is OFF.

1. Select FAN1 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay 3 by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.3.

- If the operation sound is heard, inspect wiring harnesses and connectors.

- If the operation sound is not heard, inspect coooling fan relay No.3 and open circuit wiring arnesses and connectors between PCM terminal 4B and coooling fan relay No.3.

L8, LF (Intensely hot area) engine models

Cooling fan system operation (at idle)


1. Connect WDS or equivalent to DLC-2.

2. Verify that ECT PID is below cooling fan operating temperature.

3. Verify that the A/C switch and fan switch are off.

4. Start the engine and let it at idle.

5. Verify that the cooling fans fan are not operating.

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4L and cooling fan relay No.2

- Cooling fan relay No.2 stuck in closed position

- DTC for ECT sensor (P0117, P0118)

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.1

- Cooling fan relay No.1 stuck ON

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4B and cooling fan relay No.3

- Cooling fan relay No.3 stuck ON

6. Start the engine.

7. Verify that the cooling fans are operating low speed when ECT PID is above 100°C {212°F}.

1. Select FAN3 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay No.2 by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.2.

- If the operation sound is heard, inspect wiring harnesses, connectors and cooling fan motor No.1.

- If the operation sound is not heard, inspect cooling fan relay No.2 and open circuit between PCM terminal 4L and cooling fan relay No.2 wiring harness and connectors.

- Short to GND circuit between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.1/cooling fan relay No.4.

8. Turn A/C switch and fan switch are on.

9. Verify that the ACCS PID is ON.

- A/C switch

- Fan switch

- Refrigerant pressure switch

- Open circuit PCM 1AC related harnesses and connectors

10. Access the COLP PID.

11. Verify that the cooling fan motor No.1 is operating high speed and cooling fan motor No.2 is operating low speed, while the COLP PID is ON.

1. Select FAN1 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay No.1 and cooling fan relay No.4 by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.1 and cooling fan relay No.4.

- If the operation sound is not heard from cooling fan relay No.4, inspect cooling fan relay No.4 and open circuit between PCM 4F and cooling fan relay No.4 wiring harnesses and connectors.

- If the operation sound is not heard from cooling fan relay No.1, inspect cooling fan relay No.1 and between PCM terminal 4F and cooling fan relay No.1 wiring harnesses and connector.

- If the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.1 and cooling fan relay No.4, inspect wiring harnesses and connectors.

- Inspect cooling fan motor No.2 and related wiring harnesses and connectors

1. Select FAN2 PID.

2. Operate cooling fan relay No.3 by sending ON command.

3. Inspect the operation sound is heard from cooling fan relay No.3.

- If the operation sound is heard, inspect wiring harnesses and connectors.

- If the operation sound is not heard, inspect cooling fan relay No.3 and open circuit wiring harnesses and connectors between PCM terminal 4B and cooling fan relay No.3.

Variable Air Duct (VAD) Control System Operation Inspection (L3 Engine Models)

1. Connect WDS or equivalent to DLC-2.

2. Access ECT, TP and RPM PIDs.

3. Start the engine.

4. Verify ECT PID is 70°C {158°F} or over.

5. Inspect shutter valve operation following condition.

VAD shutter valve operation


(1) Verify that DTC P1410 is not displayed.

(2) Turn ignition switch to ON.

(3) Turn the VAD control solenoid valve from on to off using the VAD PID and verify that operation sound of the solenoid valve is heard.

- Vacuum hose looseness or damage

- Vacuum chamber crack or damage

- Shutter valve actuator. (See VARIABLE AIR DUCT (VAD) SHUTTER VALVE INSPECTION (L3).)

- If the operation sound is not heard, inspect following.

- VAD control solenoid valve. (See VARIABLE AIR DUCT (VAD) CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE INSPECTION (L3).)

Variable Valve Timing Control System Operation Inspection

When idling cannot be continued

1. Remove the oil control valve (OCV) and verify that the spool valve is at maximum retard position.

2. If the spool valve is stuck in advance direction, replace the oil control valve (OCV).

3. Connect the oil control valve (OCV).

4. Turn the ignition switch on.

5. Verify that the spool valve is at maximum retard position.

6. If the spool valve is stuck in advance direction, inspect for the following.

7. Inspect the variable valve timing actuator.

When idling can be continued

1. Warn up the engine.

2. Connect WDS or equivalent to DLC-2.

3. Idle the engine.

4. Select VT DUTY1 PID.

5. Set the oil control valve (OCV) duty valve to 100% and verify that the engine idles roughly or stalls.

6. Remove the oil control valve (OCV) and connect the oil control valve (OCV) connector to the oil control valve (OCV).

7. Turn ignition switch to ON.

8. Select VT DUTY1 PID.

9. Set the oil control valve (OCV) duty value to 100% and verify that the spool valve operates in the advance direction.

10. If not as specified, inspect the following.

11. Inspect the following hydraulic passages for clogging and/or leakage.

12. If they are okay, replace the intake camshaft pulley (with a built-in variable valve timing actuator).

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